Aletheia (Or Alathea) was the spirit of truth, truthfulness, and sincerity. She had three opposites; Dolos, the god of trickery, Apate, the goddess of deception, and all the Pseudologoi, the gods of lies. Her Roman name was Veritas. She is either a daughter of Zeus or she was created by...
Translation. Truth ( alêtheia) ALETHEIA was the personified spirit ( daimona) of truth and sincerity. Her opposite number were Dolos (Trickery), Apate (Deception) and the Pseudologoi (Lies).
Athena or Athene, often given the epithet Pallas, is an ancient Greek goddess associated with wisdom, handicraft, and warfare who was later syncretized with the Roman goddess Minerva. Athena was regarded as the patron and protectress of various cities across Greece, particularly the city of Athens, from which she most likely received her name.
Sep 19, 2011 · I always thought of Althea as an alterego for Alethea, the Greek goddess of truth, incarnate. Not sure if anyone Althea really existed for the song to be written about, but I think the goddess Alethea makes for a great metaphor here: "Honest to …
Althaea (also commonly spelled Althea, Template:Lang-grc - Althaía) was in Greek mythology the daughter of King Thestius and Eurythemis, and was sister to Lecla, Hypermnestra, Iphiclus, Euippus, &c. She was also the wife of Oeneus, king of Calydon, and mother of five sons, Meleager, Melanippe (one of the Meleagrids ), Troxeus, Thyreus, Clymenus, and two daughters, Deianeira and Gorge.
Athena, also referred to as Athene, is a very important goddess of many things. She is goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, strategic warfare, mathematics, strength, strategy, the arts, crafts, and skill. She is known most specifically for her strategic skill in warfare and is often portrayed as companion of heroes and is the patron goddess of heroic endeavour.
In Greek mythology, Althaea was the daughter of King Thestius and Eurythemis, and wife of the king of Calydon, Oeneus.She had seven children, called Meleager, Melanippe, Toxeus, Thyreus, Clymenus, Deianeira and Gorge. She had an important role in the myth of her son Meleager; when he was born, the Fates appeared in the palace, saying that Meleager would die as soon as the last piece of wood in ...Estimated Reading Time: 2 mins
Double-headed eagle Phoenix Drachma Meander. The Hamlet references have always stuck out most notably to me although, I've always thought it was Ophelia who mused about death before her own suicide and used the phrase, "To sleep, perchance to dream". Oxford, Clarendon Press. Archived from the original on 5 September Incorrect Password. Herodotus records that a serpent lived in a crevice on the north side of the summit of the Athenian Acropolis  and that the Athenians left a honey cake for it each month as an offering. Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of Literature. Triton's mother, Amphitrite. Uranus' genitals. The path that Althea walks is a hard one. For other uses, see Athena disambiguation. Ancient Fragments. Categories : Admin Gods and Goddesses. It's amazing that he wrote these lyrics for Jerry and that Jerry chose to sing them, sharing with us all his and our perennial struggle to know God. Eos Helios Selene. As the guardian of the welfare of kings, Athena became the goddess of good counsel, of prudent restraint and practical insight, as well as of war. Her knighthood, the Sentinel Guardians, act swiftly in defense of the downtrodden and prosecuted. I just love the base line. It expresses the regret felt when one realizes too late that everything they wanted was right in front of them and the despair when one realizes that the opportunity can most likely never be regained. That is a graver matter, and there, my friend, the modern interpreters of Homer may, I think, assist in explaining the view of the ancients. As her husband is the Knight of Justice, so Althea is the heart of his order. She is not given to extravagant appearances or displays but the color blue is always about her and evident on her form in some fashion or another. Charon Charon's obol. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. One of Sigmund Freud 's most treasured possessions was a small, bronze sculpture of Athena, which sat on his desk. It may be my fav this Spring for the meaning of the lyrics Honest to the point of recklessness, self-centered in the extreme. Why not add your own? Prometheus left cunning Dolus Trickery in charge of his workshop, Dolus had recently become one of the god's apprentices. Namespaces Article Talk. Pseudo-Apollodorus  records an archaic legend, which claims that Hephaestus once attempted to rape Athena, but she pushed him away, causing him to ejaculate on her thigh. This amazing songs spells out some of the struggles Jerry himself was going through. Self-centered in the sense that he can't see beyond his own pain and is refusing to connect to the divine inspiration which ultimately could prove to be his salvation. Yet another possible meaning is mentioned in Diogenes Laertius ' biography of Democritus , that Athena was called "Tritogeneia" because three things, on which all mortal life depends, come from her. According to Pseudo-Apollodorus's Bibliotheca , Athena advised Argos , the builder of the Argo , the ship on which the hero Jason and his band of Argonauts sailed, and aided in the ship's construction. Retrieved 7 June However, given her role as a protector of the vulnerable, alongside her husband Daeus, there are those she will not take in--namely, those unrepentant of their ways, who threaten those she holds dear. Vergina Sun. Views Read View source View history. Her main festival in Athens was the Panathenaia , which was celebrated during the month of Hekatombaion in midsummer and was the most important festival on the Athenian calendar. They unearth the skull, which Hamlet holds during his "Alas, poor Yorick" solilouy. Views Read View source View history. Hecate Hesperus Phosphorus. Athena appears frequently in classical Greek art, including on coins and in paintings on ceramics. We do not have any tags for Althea lyrics. I'm not ready for it. Rites of passage. I think the song is ultimately about love that never really got started and then just slipped away due to one or both participants being to self-focused and non-comittal to make anything happen. Althea Grateful Dead 18 Comments 0 Tags. They speak for the oppressed, guide the lost, feed the hungry, shelter the homeless, care for orphans, gather herbs to make medicine, and give shelter to the shelterless.
Athena [b] or Athene , [c] often given the epithet Pallas , [d] is an ancient Greek goddess associated with wisdom, handicraft, and warfare  who was later syncretized with the Roman goddess Minerva. Her major symbols include owls , olive trees , snakes, and the Gorgoneion. In art, she is generally depicted wearing a helmet and holding a spear. From her origin as an Aegean palace goddess , Athena was closely associated with the city. She was known as Polias and Poliouchos both derived from polis , meaning "city-state" , and her temples were usually located atop the fortified acropolis in the central part of the city. The Parthenon on the Athenian Acropolis is dedicated to her, along with numerous other temples and monuments. As the patron of craft and weaving, Athena was known as Ergane. She was also a warrior goddess , and was believed to lead soldiers into battle as Athena Promachos. Her main festival in Athens was the Panathenaia , which was celebrated during the month of Hekatombaion in midsummer and was the most important festival on the Athenian calendar. In Greek mythology , Athena was believed to have been born from the forehead of her father Zeus. In the founding myth of Athens, Athena bested Poseidon in a competition over patronage of the city by creating the first olive tree. She was known as Athena Parthenos "Athena the Virgin," but in one archaic Attic myth, the god Hephaestus tried and failed to rape her, resulting in Gaia giving birth to Erichthonius , an important Athenian founding hero. Athena was the patron goddess of heroic endeavor; she was believed to have aided the heroes Perseus , Heracles , Bellerophon , and Jason. Along with Aphrodite and Hera , Athena was one of the three goddesses whose feud resulted in the beginning of the Trojan War. She plays an active role in the Iliad , in which she assists the Achaeans and, in the Odyssey , she is the divine counselor to Odysseus. In the later writings of the Roman poet Ovid , Athena was said to have competed against the mortal Arachne in a weaving competition, afterward transforming Arachne into the first spider; Ovid also describes how she transformed Medusa into a Gorgon after witnessing her being raped by Poseidon in her temple. Since the Renaissance , Athena has become an international symbol of wisdom, the arts, and classical learning. Western artists and allegorists have often used Athena as a symbol of freedom and democracy. Athena is associated with the city of Athens. In his dialogue Cratylus , the ancient Greek philosopher Plato — BC gives some rather imaginative etymologies of Athena's name, based on the theories of the ancient Athenians and his own etymological speculations:. That is a graver matter, and there, my friend, the modern interpreters of Homer may, I think, assist in explaining the view of the ancients. The second-century AD orator Aelius Aristides attempted to derive natural symbols from the etymological roots of Athena's names to be aether , air , earth , and moon. Athena was originally the Aegean goddess of the palace, who presided over household crafts and protected the king. A Mycenean fresco depicts two women extending their hands towards a central figure, who is covered by an enormous figure-eight shield; this may depict the warrior-goddess with her palladion , or her palladion in an aniconic representation. Nilsson and others have claimed that, in early times, Athena was either an owl herself or a bird goddess in general. It is generally agreed that the cult of Athena preserves some aspects of the Proto-Indo-European transfunctional goddess. Plato notes that the citizens of Sais in Egypt worshipped a goddess known as Neith , [e] whom he identifies with Athena. In her aspect of Athena Polias , Athena was venerated as the goddess of the city and the protectress of the citadel. As Athena Promachos , she was believed to lead soldiers into battle. Marinus of Neapolis reports that when Christians removed the statue of the goddess from the Parthenon , a beautiful woman appeared in a dream to Proclus , a devotee of Athena, and announced that the "Athenian Lady" wished to dwell with him. Athena was not only the patron goddess of Athens, but also other cities, including Argos , Sparta , Gortyn , Lindos , and Larisa. The temple of Athena Alea in Tegea was an important religious center of ancient Greece. Athena was clearly associated with the owl from very early on;  in archaic images, she is frequently depicted with an owl perched on her hand. In the Iliad 4. Another possible meaning may be "triple-born" or "third-born", which may refer to a triad or to her status as the third daughter of Zeus or the fact she was born from Metis, Zeus, and herself; various legends list her as being the first child after Artemis and Apollo, though other legends identify her as Zeus' first child. Triton's mother, Amphitrite. Yet another possible meaning is mentioned in Diogenes Laertius ' biography of Democritus , that Athena was called "Tritogeneia" because three things, on which all mortal life depends, come from her. She was the daughter of Zeus, produced without a mother, so that she emerged full-grown from his forehead. There was an alternative story that Zeus swallowed Metis, the goddess of counsel, while she was pregnant with Athena, so that Athena finally emerged from Zeus. Being the favourite child of Zeus, she had great power. In the classical Olympian pantheon, Athena was regarded as the favorite daughter of Zeus, born fully armed from his forehead. Athena was probably a pre-Hellenic goddess and was later taken over by the Greeks. In the version recounted by Hesiod in his Theogony , Zeus married the goddess Metis , who is described as the "wisest among gods and mortal men", and engaged in sexual intercourse with her. After swallowing Metis, Zeus took six more wives in succession until he married his seventh and present wife, Hera. Hesiod states that Hera was so annoyed at Zeus for having given birth to a child on his own that she conceived and bore Hephaestus by herself ,  but in Imagines 2. Fairbanks , the third-century AD Greek rhetorician Philostratus the Elder writes that Hera "rejoices" at Athena's birth "as though Athena were her daughter also. In one version of the myth, Pallas was the daughter of the sea-god Triton ;  she and Athena were childhood friends, but Athena accidentally killed her during a friendly sparring match. The palladion was a statue of Athena that was said to have stood in her temple on the Trojan Acropolis. In Homer's Iliad , Athena, as a war goddess, inspired and fought alongside the Greek heroes; her aid was synonymous with military prowess. Also in the Iliad, Zeus, the chief god, specifically assigned the sphere of war to Ares, the god of war, and Athena. Athena's moral and military superiority to Ares derived in part from the fact that she represented the intellectual and civilized side of war and the virtues of justice and skill, whereas Ares represented mere blood lust. Her superiority also derived in part from the vastly greater variety and importance of her functions and from the patriotism of Homer's predecessors, Ares being of foreign origin. In the Iliad, Athena was the divine form of the heroic, martial ideal: she personified excellence in close combat, victory, and glory.
While never able to do as much as they would like, they are active in the daily affairs of common folk. Rest easy gdawg Love your insight and wisdom. I always thought of Althea as an alterego for Alethea, the Greek goddess of truth, incarnate. Columbia by any chance? Ancient Greek deities by affiliation. In ancient Greek art , Athena is frequently shown aiding the hero Heracles. SongMeanings is a place for discussion and discovery. For other uses, see Athene disambiguation , Athina disambiguation , and Pallas Athena disambiguation. Not to say that my explaination is intentional or not but I did interpret it this way. She provides the comfort of healing as she provides the comfort of the hearth and a loving home. Greek Goddess of Wisdom and War Athena, also referred to as Athene, is a very important goddess of many things. Ancient Fragments. Her guiding actions reinforce her role as the "protectress of heroes," or, as mythologian Walter Friedrich Otto dubbed her, the "goddess of nearness," due to her mentoring and motherly probing. They are at the genius level of the curve - so, obviously there will be far less people that "get it". Some say that she and Meleager's wife Cleopatra later hanged themselves, others that she killed herself with a dagger. Along with Aphrodite and Hera , Athena was one of the three goddesses whose feud resulted in the beginning of the Trojan War. That forgery, then acquired the name of Mendacium. Then she goes on instructing him: "When the smoke has cleared, she said, that's what she said to me. In his dialogue Cratylus , the ancient Greek philosopher Plato — BC gives some rather imaginative etymologies of Athena's name, based on the theories of the ancient Athenians and his own etymological speculations:. See also: Category:Epithets of Athena. Bureaucrats Messenger of Heaven. The master returned, so Dolus Trickery quickly sat down in his seat, quaking with fear. Sacred Islands. Fan Feed 1 Hades 2 Apollo 3 Zagreus. Dick's Picks, Vol. The Envy, Book II, — Althea is found on the album Go to Heaven. There was an error. Yet, when magic broke, their daughter Eluna would stand against Taara, with her mother's strength as well as her own. Althaea is especially celebrated in ancient story about the fate of her son Meleager; they became the cause of each other's deaths. Everything about him was sculpted to appeal to as many people as possible, "the norm", "the masses". Fairbanks , the third-century AD Greek rhetorician Philostratus the Elder writes that Hera "rejoices" at Athena's birth "as though Athena were her daughter also. Acherusia Avernus Lake Lerna Lake. Just like those with genius IQs, the further you move to the higher end of the scale, the fewer people there are. Archived from the original on 7 June I have been having a similar struggle as the song for the past few years and just love it when another can sum up my thoughts and feelings and put them into words She inspires people to trust in the triumph of good, to undertake compassion and mercy, and to support one's community and family. Achilles island Delos Diomedes island. According to Pseudo-Apollodorus's Bibliotheca , Athena advised Argos , the builder of the Argo , the ship on which the hero Jason and his band of Argonauts sailed, and aided in the ship's construction. Althea is the goddess of healing and compassion. Yet another possible meaning is mentioned in Diogenes Laertius ' biography of Democritus , that Athena was called "Tritogeneia" because three things, on which all mortal life depends, come from her. Athena was not only the patron goddess of Athens, but also other cities, including Argos , Sparta , Gortyn , Lindos , and Larisa. In this sense the meaning for "Alethea" the unhidden truth - or the truth that was always there, but you couldn't see it due to psychic blindness fits very well. However, given her role as a protector of the vulnerable, alongside her husband Daeus, there are those she will not take in--namely, those unrepentant of their ways, who threaten those she holds dear. Athena was originally the Aegean goddess of the palace, who presided over household crafts and protected the king. In Greek mythology , Athena was believed to have been born from the forehead of her father Zeus. Argo Phaeacian ships Pyrois. It takes an advanced ear to appreciate the music of the Grateful Dead and an advanced mind to appreciate Hunter's lyrics. Althea's followers then, do not tend towards pacifism, but careful action.
Pindar, Olympian Ode Conway Greek lyric C5th B. Pindar, Fragment trans. Sandys Greek lyric C5th B. Bacchylides, Fragment 57 trans. Campbell, Vol. Aesop, Fables from Babrius trans. Gibbs Greek fable C6th B. This fable is preserved only in a Latin text. Aesop's Aletheia Truth is Veritas in the Latin. Aesop, Fables from Phaedrus Appendix 5 : "Prometheus, that potter who gave shape to our new generation, decided one day to sculpt the form of Veritas Truth [Aletheia], using all his skill so that she would be able to regulate people's behaviour. As he was working, an unexpected summons from mighty Jupiter [Zeus] called him away. Prometheus left cunning Dolus Trickery in charge of his workshop, Dolus had recently become one of the god's apprentices. Fired by ambition, Dolus Trickery used the time at his disposal to fashion with his sly fingers a figure of the same size and appearance as Veritas Truth [Aletheia] with identical features. When he had almost completed the piece, which was truly remarkable, he ran out of clay to use for her feet. The master returned, so Dolus Trickery quickly sat down in his seat, quaking with fear. Prometheus was amazed at the similarity of the two statues and wanted it to seem as if all the credit were due to his own skill. Therefore, he put both statues in the kiln and when they had been thoroughly baked, he infused them both with life : sacred Veritas Truth walked with measured steps, while her unfinished twin stood stuck in her tracks. That forgery, that product of subterfuge, thus acquired the name of Mendacium [Pseudologos, Falsehood], and I readily agree with people who say that she has no feet: every once in a while something that is false can start off successfully, but with time Veritas Truth is sure to prevail. Philostratus the Elder, Imagines 1. Fairbanks Greek rhetorician C3rd A. Oropos was a dream-oracle. The Oneiros Dream carries a horn because the gate of true dreams in the underworld was constructed of horn, cf. Homer, Odyssey Apuleius, The Golden Ass 8. Walsh Roman novel C2nd A. A complete bibliography of the translations quoted on this page.